Pediatric dentists are dentists who specialize in treating children. A pediatric dentist diagnoses, manages and treats dental problems in children from birth to the age of 2 years. The child’s parents must first choose a pediatric dentist. After choosing a dentist, the parents need to register their child for an appointment. This will help the dentist to keep track of the child’s dental history and progress.
Dental problems in children mainly affect their teeth, gums, and mouth. A pediatric dentist is required to have training and experience in dealing with children. It takes time for them to understand the special needs of a child, hence is required to employ the services of a family dentist. It is usually the responsibility of the family dentist to provide basic dental care to the child, but there are certain instances where he can also refer the child to a specialist for additional dental care.
Pediatric dentists are required to have thorough knowledge and experience in dealing with infants and toddlers. This is because the pediatric dentists usually deal with infants and toddlers directly and therefore, they have to know the unique traits of such small people. This is different from the general dentists, who deal with large and giant sized people. General dentists normally make the assumption that any particular problem encountered by a patient is universal to all other patients, but this is not the case with pediatric dentists.
One special trait of pediatric dentistry is that they specialize in dealing with pediatric dental fillings and crowns. Crowns and fillings are generally applying to replace missing teeth when the gum disease is extensive. Fillings are made of porcelain or composite material, which closely resemble the natural enamel of a tooth. Crowns are made of synthetic material that looks and feels like the real tooth.
Pediatric dentists perform two types of procedures; basic and specialty procedures. Basic procedures involve assessment of the oral health of the patient, x-rays and laboratory examinations are also performed. Specialty procedures include pediatric dentist teeth whitening, bridge placing, contouring, veneers and orthodontics. Orthodontics is the treatment of malocclusion, mandible alignment and bone conduction.
An average lifespan for a pediatric dentist is between thirteen and fifteen years. After three years of specialized training, they can enter into the fellowship program, which is a year of supervised training at an accredited pediatric dentistry institute. After the completion of the fellowship, they can practice independently. They have to pass the board exam given by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry in order to become a practicing pediatric dentist.